Mina Mar Group


Mina Mar Group Inc. (MMG)  is a privately held company offering Investor Relations (IR) services for prefered shareholders and stakeholders of publicly traded issuers. We offer a full-service media solution with marketing strategies, advertising, broadcasting. We deliver everyday values via creative and targeted solutions through many faucets of the industry. For companies quoted on OTC Markets, NASDAQ and NYSE;

Mina Mar Group’s services range from full service Investor Communication, Investor Relations, Awareness, Strategic Consulting, Performance Improvement’s and more. With agent representations worldwide and with over dozen years in the business MMG has created a strong strategic alliances with some of USA based leading and reputable accounting, legal firms including experienced market makers, broker dealers and other service providers. MMG’s alliance and resources allow companies to achieve and maintain the highest possible corporate governance, and meet the demands of today’s sophisticated, accredited and or institutional investors. Our niche placement in the market is our ability to thwart stock bashers and short seller’s motives. The firm was successful in raining in USA based stock bashers and short sellers, notwithstanding the USA free speech and “communication decency act provisions” through a strategic alliance and implementation of International laws.

Are Penny Stocks a Good Investment for Newbies?

Penny stocks are company shares that cost less than $5 to buy. “Penny stocks” are not necessarily “small-cap stocks,” “micro-cap stocks,” “nano-cap stocks,” or even “large-cap stocks,” contrary to common assumption. To determine if penny stocks are suitable for beginners, you must first grasp the fundamentals.
The phrase “market capitalization” is used to describe the value of a firm based on its current market price multiplied by the number of outstanding shares.

Mega-cap stocks: Companies having a market value of more than $200 billion fall under this category.
Large-cap stocks: Market capitalizations ranging from $10 billion to $200 billion.
Mid-cap stocks: Market capitalizations ranging from $2 billion to $10 billion.
Small-cap stocks: Market capitalizations ranging from $300 million to $2 billion.
Micro-cap stocks: Market capitalizations ranging from $50 million to $300 million.
Nano-cap stocks: Companies with a market worth of less than $50 million.
Contrary to common belief, penny stocks are not all small-cap stocks, and small-cap stocks are not all penny stocks.
Penny stocks, come with a bigger risk than other assets, which should come as no surprise. Why are they more dangerous? Due to lower pricing, fewer outstanding shares, and lesser liquidity, they are far more volatile. Also keep in mind that the underlying firms are often newer or smaller enterprises in their early phases of development, which may face a number of challenges as they grow. Penny stocks, on the other hand, provide investors with the possibility to make significant returns in a short period of time.
You are the only one who can decide if penny stocks are good for you or not. The answer is usually related to your risk tolerance as an investor. This is something you should discuss with your financial advisor, as they may advise you to avoid it due to the dangers. There are, however, strategies to trade penny stocks that reduce risk while still allowing your portfolio to grow significantly.
Isn’t it true that you have to start somewhere? Some of the most successful firms started out as penny stocks and have now grown into household names.
The goal is to choose high-quality penny stocks, especially if you plan on investing for the long run. Keep in mind that the goal of a business is to make money. Finding penny stock firms that are profitable or strategically positioning themselves to create income is so critical. By avoiding low-quality businesses, you’re possibly raising your chances of finding a true winner.
You’ll need a few items to trade penny stocks. To begin, you’ll want a brokerage account as well as money to fund it. If you’re new to trading, start with paper trading before jumping in.Paper trading is a method of doing transactions in genuine equities but only investing with fictitious funds. This lets you to see how your trading decisions and approach would have played out in the real world, and it also allows you to learn from your mistakes. You’ll also want to be aware of the penny stock trading dos and don’ts.
If you decide to invest in penny stocks, remember to learn as much as you can and buy just what you understand. To prevent making rash or impulsive judgments, traders must keep their emotions in check when trading any stock.
Penny stocks, in my opinion, should be included in everyone’s portfolio. They not only provide a challenge to you as an investor, but they also have the potential to be quite profitable. You, on the other hand, have an option. The first step is to discover how to profit from penny stocks.
Trading or investing in penny stocks comes with a lot of dangers, which is to be expected. If the danger hasn’t driven you away yet and you’re new to trading, it could be a good idea to start with the fundamentals. Whether you’re looking for penny stocks to purchase or higher-priced companies to invest in, a lack of knowledge is just as terrible as blindly purchasing a stock you don’t understand.

Miro Zecevic-Mina Mar Group-MMG

NFT – Non-Fungible Token

An NFT (non-fungible token) is a code that identifies you as the owner of a one-of-a-kind digital asset.

Fungible vs. non-fungible

An NFT is a type of digital collectible. They were initially released in 2015, but their popularity has lately skyrocketed.

To comprehend NFTs, it’s necessary to first grasp the distinction between fungible and non-fungible objects:

Fungible: It’s simple to count and exchange. You can, for example, exchange two $5 bills for one $10 bill and get the same amount of money.

Non-fungible: It’s one-of-a-kind and can’t be replaced. The Mona Lisa may be downloaded and framed by anybody, yet there is only one original painting.

The one-of-a-kind quality of an NFT (and the scarcity that it entails) is a big part of why they’re so popular (and expensive).

Why popular

NFTs are popular with buyers in part because they are an investment opportunity. If the price of an item rises in the future, the buyer can sell it and profit. Of course, NFTs are only worth what someone is willing to pay for them, and no one can guarantee their future value.

NFTs appeal to creators since it provides them with a direct market for selling their work (rather than having to go through a middleman). They also get more control over their works and may be able to earn royalties when someone buys or sells their NFT.

How to buy

Purchasing an NFT is similar to purchasing anything on eBay (only you won’t receive anything physical in the mail at the end of the day).

1.Get some cryptocurrency
(most NFTs are priced in ether, the cryptocurrency of the Ethereum blockchain)
2.Visit an NFT marketplace
(e.g., Rarible, Mintable, OpenSea, NBA Top Shot)
3.Bid or buy the item right away
(depending on how it’s offered)
4.Pay for the item with cryptocurrency
You’ll be charged for both the item and any additional costs.These might include a percentage of the closing fees or the energy used to conduct the blockchain transaction.

How to sell

On an NFT site, almost anybody may list items for sale. The following is how it works:
1.Create a digital wallet and buy some cryptocurrency (you’ll need this to cover the cost of creating your listing)
2.Go to an NFT marketplace
3.Connect your wallet to the marketplace
4.Upload your digital file
5.Provide some details about the file, such as whether it’s an original or a copy
6.Decide if you want to build in royalties
7.List the item and wait for it to sell

Although NFTs are popular right now, simply listing something does not guarantee that it will sell.People are often on the lookout for extremely rare collectibles offered by celebrities or well-known companies. Remember that bragging rights are a big element of NFTs.

Future uses

Many experts predict that we will be able to utilize NFTs for nearly everything in the future, including event tickets and passports. This is due to the fact that it is very easy to verify ownership on the blockchain and very difficult to fake or alter the owner (without their permission).


An NFT is a code that identifies you as the owner of a one-of-a-kind digital property and is stored on a blockchain. Works of art, albums, trade cards, and avatar accessories are the most frequent NFTs. People buy them not just to gloat about owning something unique and wonderful, but also in the hopes that the NFT will appreciate in value and profit the owner. Although anybody may upload and sell an NFT, this does not guarantee that there will be purchasers. Furthermore, an NFT is only valuable what someone is willing to pay for it. Experts believe that NFTs will have numerous practical applications in our daily lives in the future.


The ease with which you may sell an investment or asset at a reasonable price is referred to as liquidity.

Liquid assets are those that can be exchanged for cash:

  • Quickly and easily
  • With little or no transaction fees
  • At their current market prices (i.e., without having to entice a buyer with a big discount)

Something is more liquid in general if:

  • Many individuals would be interested in purchasing it;
  • It’s simple to determine its value;
  • It’s simple to transfer ownership from one person to another;
  • The object or investment is more standardized (i.e., less unique)

A share of Apple stock, for example, is liquid because it’s simple to buy and sell, and many people would want to possess it at the proper price. You can figure out how much it’s worth by looking at the stock market’s current pricing. Furthermore, the corporation has billions of outstanding shares, therefore it isn’t unique.

A piece of custom-designed luxury real estate, on the other hand, is illiquid since there may be only a few potential purchasers, it’s difficult to agree on exactly how much it’s worth, and the transfer procedure can take a long time.


  • Stocks
  • Bonds
  • Mutual funds
  • Exchange-traded funds (ETFs)


  • Real estate
  • Art
  • Antiques
  • Collectibles, like coins, stamps, or baseball cards

Because you may easily convert cash into other assets, it is the most liquid asset.
Money market accounts and funds, savings accounts, and various forms of very short-term debt investments are all examples of “cash equivalent” investments. (Certificates of Deposit or CDs are a little less liquid since they lock your money up for a certain length of time and charge a fee if you need to withdraw it early.)

While there’s nothing wrong with retaining illiquid assets, people and businesses both benefit from having some liquidity.

  • For day-to-day needs or unexpected obligations, you’ll need some liquid assets. If your sole asset is a house, selling it immediately for a fair price to fund a car repair would be difficult.
  • Liquidity is required by businesses to fund short-term costs and maintain financial stability. If the company’s revenues are hit hard by a sudden economic downturn, having adequate cash on hand might help it get through it.

Liquidity refers to how quickly and easily an item may be sold for a reasonable price. Stocks, bonds, and ETFs (exchange-traded funds) are all liquid assets that are simple to sell. Real estate and fine art, for example, are illiquid assets that are more difficult to convert into cash. It is critical for both individuals and businesses to have sufficient liquid assets in order to pay short-term payments and cover any unforeseen expenses or financial difficulties.

Key points:

  • Liquidity refers to how quickly and easily an item may be sold for a reasonable price.
  • Although cash is the most liquid asset, equities, bonds, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are all considered extremely liquid. Houses, coin collections, and art are all illiquid because finding a buyer willing to pay a fair price takes time.
  • While having some illiquid assets is acceptable, you should balance them out with liquid assets that you can sell quickly if you need cash.
Liquidity text on wood block with a pile of coins on a blue and white background

What Are Financial Derivatives?

What is a derivative?

A financial instrument based on another asset is known as a derivative. Stock options and commodities futures are two of the most common examples of derivatives, and you’ve definitely heard of them but aren’t sure how they operate.
Derivatives allow consumers the option — but not the duty — to acquire or sell an underlying asset at a later date. The underlying asset and the period until the contract expires determine the derivative’s value.

How Financial Derivatives Work

Financial derivatives are financial products whose value is determined by one or more underlying financial assets, such as stocks, bonds, commodities, currencies, or interest rates.

Investors engage in contracts with stated terms, such as the period of the contract and the consequent values and definitions of the underlying assets, to purchase and sell derivatives.

Futures, options, swaps, and forwards are examples of financial derivatives. Futures and options are often traded on the CME, which is one of the world’s major derivatives marketplaces. Swaps and forwards are traded on an over-the-counter (OTC).

Derivative Regulations

The SEC and the CFTC regulate financial derivatives in the United States. FINRA regulates the parties engaged in financial derivative contracts.

Ways Derivatives Are Used

Derivatives are rarely used as part of a long-term buy-and-hold strategy due to their complexity.

Derivatives are used for:

Hedging: To limit losses, an investor can use derivatives. For example, if an investor is concerned about a rapid drop in the price of security they own, they can buy put options, which can benefit if the price of the security drops, thereby offsetting the loss of the other asset.

Leverage: Financial leverage may be achieved by using derivatives to boost the returns of an underlying asset or index.

Speculation: If an investor feels the price of an asset will move dramatically in one way, they can utilize a derivative to profit from the projected price movement.

Access to complex assets:  Financial derivatives can give an investor indirect access to assets or markets that would be difficult to access otherwise.

4 Derivative Investment Types

The four main types of derivatives are futures, options, forwards, and swaps. Common types of underlying assets within these derivative types include stocks, bonds, commodities, bonds, interest rates, currencies, and cryptocurrency.

The four main types of derivatives are:

  • Futures
    Futures are financial derivatives that include a contract between two parties to exchange an asset at a certain price and date in the future. Regardless of the prevailing market price at the time the contract expires, the buyer of the futures contract must purchase (and the seller must sell) the specified asset at the price indicated in the contract
  • Options
    Options are financial derivatives that involve a contract that provides the buyer the right to purchase or sell the underlying asset but not the obligation to do so.
    The call option and the put option are the two types of options available.
    – A call option allows an investor to purchase a stock at a specific price by a specific date.
    – A put option allows an investor to sell a stock at a specific price by a specific date.
  • Forwards
    Forwards, also known as forward contracts are financial derivatives that involve two parties entering into a tailored contract to purchase or sell an asset at a specific price on a specific future date.
  • Swaps
    Swaps are financial derivatives that include a contract that permits two parties to exchange cash flows for a certain period of time. An interest rate, currency exchange rates, or the price of a stock or commodity may all influence cash flows.


  • Hedging: Derivatives can be used by investors to hedge an existing asset position. The derivative contract’s earnings may be used to cover losses in the underlying asset.
  • Financial leverage: It’s possible to utilize it to boost the returns of an underlying asset like a commodity or an index.
  • Access to unavailable markets: Derivatives can provide investors access to assets or markets that would otherwise be difficult to reach.


  • Complexity: Derivatives and associated methods can be difficult to grasp for many investors since they frequently need extensive investment expertise and understanding.
  • Risk: Derivatives can expose investors to losses that are greater than those incurred by the underlying asset.

Quarter – Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4

On a company’s financial calendar, a quarter is a three-month period that serves as the foundation for quarterly financial reports and dividend payments.

The majority of financial reporting and dividend payments occur quarterly. Not all companies’ fiscal quarters match the calendar quarters, and it’s customary for businesses to complete their fourth quarter after their busiest season. 

The fiscal quarter and the fiscal year are the two primary accounting periods for businesses. Most businesses’ fiscal years span from January 1 to December 31 (though it does not have to). The following are the traditional calendar quarters that make up the year:

– January, February, and March (Q1)
– April, May, and June (Q2)
– July, August, and September (Q3)
– October, November, and December (Q4)

Companies, investors, and analysts compare and assess trends using data from multiple quarters. A company’s quarterly report, for example, is frequently compared to the same quarter of the prior year. Many businesses are seasonal, making a comparison of quarterly results deceptive.

Quarterly Reports

For publicly listed corporations and their investors, quarterly earnings reports are critical. Each press release has the power to influence the stock price of a company. A company’s stock value may rise if it has a strong quarter. The value of the company’s shares might plummet if the company experiences a bad quarter.

After their first three fiscal quarters, all public corporations in the United States must file quarterly filings with the SEC, known as Form 10-Q. The prior three months’ unaudited financial statements and operating data are included in each 10-Q. 

An annual report, known as Form 10-K, is also required of a publicly traded corporation. An audited statement, presentations, and additional disclosures are frequently included in annual reports that are more extensive than quarterly reports.

Forward-looking “guidance” for the following several quarters or through the end of the year is frequently included in quarterly earnings reports. Analysts and investors use these estimates to forecast performance over the next several quarters.

Quarterly Dividends

In the United States, most corporations that pay a dividend will spread it out across four quarters. It is common in many economies outside of the United States to divide the yearly dividend into quarterly installments, with one payment being significantly bigger than the rest.

When it comes to quarterly dividends, the ex-date might cause considerable volatility in a stock’s price.

Non-Standard Quarters

Some public corporations will adopt a non-standard or non-calendar quarterly reporting structure for a variety of reasons.

A corporation may use a non-traditional fiscal year to aid in business or tax planning. According to the IRS, companies can pick a “tax year” that is still 52–53 weeks long but does not finish in December.

Quarters’ criticism

The significance of the quarterly reporting method has been questioned by some. The main criticism of the system is that it places too much pressure on companies and executives to generate short-term outcomes to impress analysts and investors, rather than focusing on the business’s long-term objectives.

Another difficulty is that corporations only publish their summary annual statements once a year, causing the data to grow stale and out of date in the meantime.

What is a Fiscal Quarter?

A fiscal quarter is a three-month period during which a company’s financial performance is reported. A year is divided into four quarters, as the name indicates, and a publicly listed company would produce four quarterly reports every year.

Fiscal quarters are used by both companies and investors to keep track of their financial outcomes and company changes throughout time.

Are Quarters always lined up with the calendar year?

The calendar year may not necessarily correspond to the quarters. For example, if a corporation decides to start its fiscal year in February rather than January, the first quarter will be February, March, and April. Companies may do so if they want their fiscal year to conclude during their peak season.

What are the pros and cons of Quarterly Reporting?

The major benefit of quarterly reporting is that it provides investors with more data on which to make investment decisions. Investors might examine a company’s quarterly filings instead of waiting for its annual report to get a feel of how the company is doing throughout the year.

However, some say that quarterly reporting causes organizations and investors to be more focused on short-term success.

Miro Zecevic-Mina Mar Group-MMG